Kapaleeshwarar temple was constructed in the 7th century CE by the Pallavas. The Kapaleeshwarar Temple was first constructed where Santhome Church is presently located in Chennai. This temple was destroyed by the Portuguese and the present temple was constructed in the 16th century by the Vijayanagar Kings.
The 10-day Panguni Peruvizha in March-April includes festivities for 63 saints drawing an immense crowd of worshippers. The crowd that swarms the temple is tremendous on New Moon and Full Moon days and Pradosha days. Some Shiva related celebrations are seen in the temple every month. During the Tamil month of Panguni, the customary brahmotsavam (yearly festival) happens when the whole neighborhood wakes up with a mela (festival)- like environment. Since this month corresponds to the mid-March to mid-April span, the Kapaleeshwarar temple commends the nine day-long as Panguni Peruvizha (Spring celebration).
The celebration begins with Dwajarohanam (flag raising), incorporates the therotsavam, (Tamil, ther, vehicle/chariot"; utsavam, "celebration"), Arupathimoovar festival and finishes up with the Tirukkalyanam
(Marriage of Kapaleeswarar and Karpagambal). In Brahmotsavam, the symbols of Kapaleeshwarar and Karpagambal are embellished with garments and jewelry, are mounted on a vahana, and afterward taken around the temple and its water tank in a pradakshinam (a clockwise direction whenseen from above).
This is repeated with various vahanas throughout the following nine days. The more significant of theindividual pradakshinams are the Athigara Nandhi on the third day, the Rishaba Vahanam on the 12 PMof the fifth day, the ther (around 13 meters in stature and pulled by individuals) on the seventh morning,and the Arupathimoovar celebration on the eighth day.
The Arupathimoovar festive is the most noteworthy procession. It is named after the sixty- threeNayanmars who have accomplished salvation by their love and commitment to the all-caring Lord Shiva.Each of the sixty-three Nayanmar icons follow the Kapaleeshwarar symbol on this parade. During the car celebration, Kapaleeshwarar is portrayed holding a bow while sitting on a throne of royalty, with his wife Karpagambal nearby. Brahma is shown riding the ther. The chariot is designed with flowers and statues,and there are many devotees to pull the ther.