Kapaleeshwarar temple was constructed in the 7th century CE by the Pallavas. The Kapaleeshwarar Temple was first constructed where Santhome Church is presently located in Chennai. This temple was destroyed by the Portuguese and the present temple was constructed in the 16th century by the Vijayanagar Kings.
During Friday adoration, the statue of the goddess Karpagambal is adorned with a kaasu maala, i.e., a garland made of gold coins. The well known Tamil songs Karunai Deivame Karpagame and Karpagavalli
Nin Porpadhangal Pidithen were composed by poets in the commendation of the goddess Karpagambal.There is a peacock and a peahen confined inside the sanctuary, to symbolize the convention that Karpagambal had come as peahen to plead to Kapaleeshwarar.
The Annadanam scheme, which began in 2002 at the Kapaleeswarar Temple, has been extended out to over more than 100 temples in the State. Consistently about 150 people will be served dinners at this temple by 12pm. Rs.2,000 will be provided for one day annadhanam. In these temples during special events vada and payasam are served at present. For example, at theKapaleeswarar Temple, it is served on events like Panguni Uthiram, Aadi krithigai and Brahmotsavam. Some like the Ashtalakshmi Temple, Vadapalani Temple, Vadivudai Amman Temple and others serve appalam and payasam on Sundays.
There are six poojas everyday at the temple.
Kaala sandhi pooja
Uchi kaal pooja